Seismicity in Australia
Earthquakes can occur in almost every part of Australia, although certain regions have a higher likelihood of experiencing an earthquake than others. Possibly the most earthquake prone regions of Australia are the West Australian wheatbelt, and the Flinders Ranges of South Australia. The alpine region of eastern Australia is also relatively active. Three Australian earthquakes are known to have caused fatalities. The 1902 earthquake near Warooka, on the Yorke Peninsula of South Australia (mag 6.0), caused two deaths, attributed to heart attacks. The 1935 Gayndah earthquake in Queensland caused one death. By far the most significant was the 1989 earthquake at Newcastle, NSW (mag 5.6), which caused 13 fatalities, mostly because of the catastrophic structural collapse of the Newcastle Worker's Club.
The body responsible for producing risk maps of Australia is the Australian Earthquake Engineering Society.
West Australian seismicity is treated separately on this site. Seismicity for the rest of Australia is summarised below.
BELOW - Map of earthquakes superimposed on Digital Terrain Model - courtesy Dan Clark, Geoscience Australia
-Below - Earthquake Hazard map of Australia, 1991 (Australian Geological Survey Organisation, Canberra: McCue et al., 1993). A new version of this map was published by Geoscience Australia in 2012.
This map shows that the coastal regions of NW Australia are the most earthquake prone, and the region of east Australia to the west of the dividing range is the least.
TABLE OF IMPORTANT AUSTRALIAN EARTHQUAKES
|26 Jan 1892||Bass St., Tas.||6.9||largest of a series of earthquakes|
|10 May1897||Beachport, SA||6.5||7||12m||massive damage around Kingston, SA|
|19 Sep1902||Warooka, Yorke Peninsula, SA||6.0||5||12m||two known deaths|
|19 Nov 1906||off west coast of WA||7.5||111.8E , 19.1S -largest Australian earthquake?|
|6 June 1918||Gladstone, Qsld||6.0||one of largest E aust earthquakes, felt from Mackay to Grafton|
|29 Apr 1941||Meeberrie, WA||7.3||the biggest onshore Australian event|
|27 June 1941||Simpson Desert, NT||6.5||largest of a series of earthquakes|
|3 Jan 1954||Adelaide, SA||5.4||2||152m||$8.8 million in damage (in 1954 $)|
|22 May 1961||Robertson/Bowral ||5.6||$500,00 (in 1961 $)|
|14 Oct 1968||Meckering, WA||6.8||4||57m||35 km surface rupture|
|2 June 1979||Cadoux, WA||6.2||6||16m||surface rupture|
|30 March 1986||Marryat Ck, SA||5.8||14 km surface rupture, 0.6 m vertical offset|
|22 Jan 1988||Tennant Ck., NT||6.7||3 events over mag 6 on this day|
|28 Dec 1989||Newcastle, NSW||5.6||1||5.3Bn||13 killed, $1.5 Billion damage|
|8 Aug 1994||Ellalong NSW||5.4||3||71m||near Newcastle - $40 m damage|
|20 Apr 2010||Kalgoorlie||5.0||8||3 people injured|
*The ranking and dollar cost (2010 equivalent) of damage shown here is according to a table presented by James Daniell at the AEES conference in Perth, Nov 2010. The source is the CATDAT data base
Although the Newcastle NSW earthquake of December 1989 was one of our most significant in terms of loss of life and damage, for sheer energy release, the activity which began in Tennant Creek, NT in January 1988, is probably more significant. Three magnitude 6 events occurred there within 24 hours, and complex surface rupturing occurred. Many thousands of aftershocks have occurred there since those events, and aftershocks are still occurring there.
Since the Tennant Creek earthquakes, the largest Australian event has been the Mag 6.3 event off Cockatoo Is., northern WA, in August 1997.
Between 2000 and 2002, a large swarm of earthquakes occurred near Burakin, WA. Burakin is approximately 200 km NE of Perth. Three earthquakes of magnitude 5.0 or more occurred in this earthquake swarm.
Since the 1997 Cockatoo Is. event, the largest Australian earthquake has been the magnitude 5.4 earthquake at Mt. Redvers, N.T., near the West Australian border. It occurred on Feb 11 2004.
The maps below were produced from extracts of the on-line data base of Geoscience Australia (www.ga.gov.au)
AUSTRALIAN EARTHQUAKES SINCE 1989, MAG 5.0 & ABOVE
DATE & TIME
|1989/05/28 02:55:21.0 ||-25.25 130.65||5.6||Uluru, NT|
|1989/12/27 23:26:57.0 ||-32.946 151.607||5.7||Newcastle, NSW|
|-23.5800 130.2840 |
|-22.3630 126.5290 |
|Canning Basin WA|
|-32.9560 151.2280 |
|White Cliffs, NSW|
|1997/08/10 09:20:31 ||-16.050 124.423||6.3||Collier Bay. WA|
|off Exmouth, W.A.|
|2002/03/30 21:15:46.1 ||-30.524 117.049 ||5.2||Burakin, WA|
|2004/02/11 09:17:59.0 ||-22.73 129.89||5.0||Mt. Redvers, NT|
|2004/02/11 09:30:39.3 ||-22.68 129.823||5.4||Mt. Redvers, NT|
|2006/05/13 01:04:46.7||-27.657 135.723||5.1||E of Oodnadatta SA|
|2007/02/15 15:38:36||-25.967 113.276||5.3||Shark Bay, WA|
|2009/03/06 01:35:59||-16.314 121.252||5.1||NW of broome|
|2010/04/20 01:17:09||-30.787 121.489||5.0||Kalgoorlie|
Earthquakes in Queensland
Most of the seismicity in Queensland occurs along the eastern coastal region. One of the largest earthquakes to occur in eastern Australia occurred near Gladstone, north Queensland, in 1916. An important earthquake occurred near Gayndah in 1935. Although its magnitude was only 5.5, a worker was killed when he was shaken off a railway bridge near Biggenden.
Below - map of Queensland earthquakes, mag 3.0 & above, Jan 1990 to 12 May 2005
NB - for events of Mag > 4.5, date is shown alongside. Also, events north of 10 degrees South are not plotted.
Important Queensland earthquakes 1990 - May 2008
|06 Aug 1991||14:11||-18.22||143.51||4.8||Georgetown|
|24 Sep 1991||04:36||-27.89||149.05||4.1||Felt in St. George area|
|29 Mar 1993||03:50||-12.4||139.22||5.2||Gulf of Carpentaria|
|04 Sep 1994||01:08||-16.99||144.50||4.0||Chillagoe, Felt|
|02 Nov 1998||17:09||-22.81||151.15||4.7||North of Bundaberg|
|11 Aug 2003||07:04||-18.44||147.11||4.8||E. of Ingham Felt Ingham, Cairns|
|16 Jan 2004||15:05||-25.072||151.275||4.4||120 km W of Bundaberg|
|28 Dec 2005||20:54||-28.191||147.894||4.1||200 km SW of Roma|
|25 Aug 2007||06:06||-26.495||151.432||3.9||70 km NNE of Dalby|
|19 Nov 2007||02:48||-12.336||143.735||4.8||200 km East of Weipa|
|13 Feb 2008||21:57||-27.551||146.651||4.2||220 km WSW of Roma|
Earthquakes in south east Queensland, 1990 - May 2005
the largest event in the map above was a mag 4.7 event north of Bundaberg on 2nd Nov 1998
Important historical Queensland earthquakes
|28 Aug 1883||16:55||-25.5||151.67||5.6||Gayndah|
|18 Dec 1913||13:54||-20.0||147.0||5.7||Charters Towers|
|06 Jun 1918||18:14||-23.5||152.5||6.0||Gladstone - felt widely|
|06 Jun 1918||19:20||-23.5||152.5||5.7|
|14 May 1928||02:46||-15.0||144.0||5.7|
|12 Apr 1935||01:32||-25.5||151.67||5.5||Gayndah|
Neotectonic Features in Queensland
The Geohazards Group of Geoscience Australia (Canberra, ACT), is responsible for identifying and researching potentially recent fault scarps in Queensland, and Australia as a whole. Two such features include the Palmerville Fault, in far North Queensland, and a probable fault north of Roma, in soiuth-central Queensland. For more information contact Dan Clark of Geoscience Australia.
Below - Palmerville Fault, North Queensland
Below - Forestvale Fault, north of Roma, Queensland
Images courtesy of Dan Clark, Geoscience Australia.
EARTHQUAKES IN NEW SOUTH WALES
Newcastle, approximately 120 km north of Sydney, was the site of Australia's most devastating earthquake, on 27 December, 1989. Although its magnitude was only 5.7, 13 people were killed, and the damage caused has been estimated at 4 billion dollars.
The most significant NSW earthquakes are tabulated below.
For additional information go to University of Sydney website
IMPORTANT EARTHQUAKES OF NEW SOUTH WALES
|1949/03/10||-34.74||149.2||5.5||Dalton/Gunning||felt up to MM VIII. felt from Sydney to Jindabyne|
|1961/05/24||-34.547||150.503||5.8||Bowral, NSW||$500,000 damage (1961$AUD)|
|1973/03/09||-34.17||150.32||5.5||Picton, NSW||felt up to MM VI felt as far away as Dubbo|
|1982/11/24||-34.008||147.214||4.0||Wyalong - swarm event|
|1989/12/27 ||-32.496||151.607||5.7||Newcastle, NSW||13 Killed|
|White Cliffs, NSW|
|2003/12/11||-34.485||150.444||4.2||Bowral||felt in Sydney and Canberra|
|2006/10/21||-34.04||149.16||4.2||SE of Cowra||felt widely|
|2008/03/18||-32.519||148.433||3.7||SW of Dubbo||felt|
|2008/04/30||-30.215||141.62||3.6||200 km N of Broken Hill|
|2008/06/09||-30.167||146.881||3.7||S of Brewarrina|
|2010/10/27||4.4||NW of Bourke|
Earthquakes in NSW, 1990 - August 2005, magnitude 3.0 & above
(for earthquakes in far south-east, refer to map of Victorian earthquakes)
NSW earthquakes, 2000 - 2010, mag >= 4.2
|27 Oct 2001||0758||35.356||143.690||4.8||Swan Hill (see Vic)|
|11 Dec 2003||1019||34.485||150.444||4.2||Bowral|
|21 Oct 2006||0951||34.036||149.160||4.2||SE of Cowra|
|27 Oct 2010||1418||29.438||143.594||4.4||NW of Bourke|
VICTORIA, TASMANIA, SOUTHERN NSW and the A.C.T.
In the period Jan 1990 to March 2005, 183 earthquakes of magnitude 3.0 or more were located by Geoscience Australia, in the area defined below. Twenty of these were of magnitude 4.0 or more. Many of the larger events were offshore, in the Tasman Sea.
Events of magnitude 4.5 or greater (4.0 or greater since 2002) are tabulated below
|17 Jan 1992||18:00||-40.54||155.67||4.6||approx 700 km E of Tasmania|
|13 Jan 1993||18:50||-49.2||141.2||5.7||approx 800 km SW of Tasmania|
|17 Mar 1999||01:58||-34.23||150.77||4.8||Appin, NSW|
|29 Aug 2000||12:05||-38.41||146.29||5.0||Boolarra South, Vic.|
|27 Oct 2001||07:58||-35.36||143.69||4.8||Swan Hill, Vic. minor damage|
|7 Feb 2002||12:48||-40.356||143.886||4.1||50 km S of King Is., Tas|
|15 Jun 2002||21:18||-42.124||147.425||4.3||100 Km NNE of Hobart|
|24 Sep 2002||07:42||-38.67||146.083||4.0||50 km E of Wonthaggi,Vic|
|31 Jan 2004||05:42||-37.327||155.583||4.3||Tasman Sea|
|18 Nov 2004||23:31||-41.662||146.202||4.0||Mole Ck. Tas|
|29 Sep 2006||12:49||-44.36||145.01||4.4||350 km SW of Hobart|
|14 Dec 2006||17:23||-42.79||143.56||4.4||200 km WSW of Queenstown, Tas|
|01 Mar 2008||00:24||-36.154||144.668||3.7||SW of Echuca|
|06 Mar 2009||09:55||-38.445||145.839||4.6||Korumburra|
|18 Mar 2009||05:28||-38.425||145.822||4.6||Korumburra|
Mag 3.0 & above earthquakes, 1990 - Mar 2005, for Victoria, Tasmania, southern NSW and the A.C.T.
TABLE OF EVENTS, MAG 5.5 OR MORE, SINCE JANUARY, 1900
(within area of above map)
|13 Jan 1910||00:15||-44.5||155.2||6.0||Tasman Sea|
|30 May 1921||14:51||-35.0||145.0||5.5||Hay, NSW|
|10 Apr 1922||10:46||-39.14||144.85||5.7||King Is.|
|18 Nov 1934||21:58||-34.8||149.2||5.6||Gunning. NSW|
|14 Sep 1946||19:48||-39.97||149.35||5.8||Tasman Sea, felt in Tas & Vic.|
|10 Mar 1949||22:30||-34.74||149.20||5.5||Dalton, Gunning NSW|
|21 Oct 1961||21:40||-34.55||150.50||5.8||Bowral, NSW|
|14 Sep 1965||12:53||-38.7||144.3||5.7||Bass St, off Otway Ra., Victoria|
|03 May 1966||19:07||-37.1||147.17||5.7||Mt. Hotham, Vic.|
|15 Dec 1966||19:08||-40.45||155.47||5.8||Tasman Sea|
|09 Mar 1973||19:09||-34.17||150.32||5.5||Picton, NSW|
|25 Nov 1983||19:56||-40.45||155.51||6.0||Tasman Sea|
The above table starts in January 1990, because there were many large events in the Tasman Sea in the 1880's and 1890's. These constituted an earthquake swarm of some importance, and would cause a lot of concern if it were to happen in modern times. The larger events were felt widely in Tasmania and Victoria.
LARGE EARTHQUAKES OF THE TASMAN SEA PRIOR TO 1900
|13 Jul 1884||03:55||-40.5||148.5||6.4||Cape Barren Is.|
|19 Sep 1884||10:27||-40.8||149.5||6.4||Tasman Sea|
|12 May 1885||23:37||-39.9||148.9||6.8||Tasman Sea|
|26 Jan 1892||16:48||-40.4||149.5||6.9||Tasman Sea|
For more information on recent seismicity in this region, visit the web site of the Seismology Research Centre in Melbourne.
EARTHQUAKES IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA
South Australia has had a number of significant earthquakes. The largest was the Beachport earthquake of May, 1897 ( magnitude 6.5), off the south-east coast of the state. This caused massive damage in the towns of Kingston, Robe and Beachport, and exhibited some phenomena which are only seen in major events - eg liquefaction.
The Warooka earthquake, on the Yorke Peninsula of S.A. in September 1902, is important because it was the first of only three Australian earthquakes known to have caused fatalities. At least two people died during this earthquake. Its magnitude was 6.0, and its epicentre was approximately 100 km west of Adelaide. It was felt strongly in Adelaide - isoseismal maps indicate an intensity of 6 on the Modified Mercalli scale in the city.
The Adelaide earthquake of March, 1954 was of relatively low magnitude (5.5), but did the most damage, because of its proximity to South Australia's major city.
For more information on South Australian earthquakes, visit the website of the Dept of Primary Industries & Resources of South Australia. For a list of the most recent earthquakes, follow this link
Sth Aust earthquakes, mag 3.0 & above , Jan 1990 to August 2005
Yellow - Burra earthquake, 1997, Mag 5.0
Orange - earthquakes, magnitude 4.0 - 4.9
Below - more detailed view of Adelaide - Flinders Ranges region
South Australian earthquakes (magnitude > 4.2) since 1990
|08 Feb 1990||27.89||137.34||4.5||Lake Eyre North|
|05 Dec 1995||30.36||137.95||4.6||Myrtle Springs|
|09 Jun 1996||34.17||135.82||4.5||approx 50 km Nth of Pt Lincoln|
|05 Feb 1997||28.803||139.117||4.3||Northern SA|
|05 Mar 1997||33.82||138.97||5.0||Burra ( 33 km east of Clare)|
|06 May 1998||34.149||136.878||4.3||Spencer Gulf|
|09 Jun 1998||27.939||135.844||4.4||Oodnadatta|
|18 Aug 1999||33.28||138.478||4.3||Jamestown|
|22 Nov 2003||31.614||138.78||4.2||Hawker|
|13 Mar 2005||26.15||131.64||4.6||900 km NW of Pt Augusta|
|14 May 2005||31.0||139.153||4.5||200 km NE of Pt Augusta|
|13 May 2006||27.657||135.723||5.1||40 km SE of Oodnadatta|
|16 Sep 2007||31.392||138.523||4.8||150 km NE of Pt Augusta|
|06 Oct 2007||36.07||136.11||4.2||50 km W of Kangaroo Is|
|26 Dec 2007||32.086||138.383||4.7||100 km NE of Pt Augusta|
|16 Nov 2008||31.402||138.729||4.2||150 km NE of Pt Augusta|
|26 Jan 2009||32.757||139.029||4.5||NE of peterborough|
|16 Oct 2009||34.382||133.276||4.2||W of Port Lincoln|
|05 June 2010||33.559||136.714||4.8||NE of Cleve|
LARGE HISTORICAL EARTHQUAKES IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA (MAG > 5.5)
|16 Apr 1887||22:10||-34.3||135.8||5.7||Eyre Peninsula|
|10 May 1897||05:26||-37.3||139.7||6.5||Beachport|
|19 Sep 1902||10:35||-35.0||137.4||6.0||Warooka|
|26 Mar 1939||03:56||-32.0||138.0||5.8||Motpena|
|04 May 1941||22:07||-26.3||136.9||5.8||Simpson Desert|
|04 May 1941||23:23||-26.3||136.9||5.6||Simpson Desert|
|06 Aug 1948||03:29||-37.36||139.68||5.6||Robe|
|30 Mar 1986||08:53||-26.33||132.52||6.0||Marryat Ck.|
|11 Jul 1986||07:17||-26.26||132.51||5.6||Marryat Ck.|
some of the seismic stations in Sth Aust : Red = PSN, Blue = GA & PIRSA stns
Earthquakes in Central Australia
The 1991 map of earthquake risk in Australia, published by the Australian Earthquake Engineering Society, shows three main areas of high earthquake risk in Central Australia. Each of these areas relates to sustained levels of high earthquake activity at certain points in Central Australia.
These points are 1) Tennant Creek Area 2) Simpson Desert and 3) the Lake Tobin area of eastern Western Australia.
Below - 1991 map of earthquake risk in Australia - zoomed in to Central Australia ( star shows location of a small Tennant Creek earthquake, March 2004)
Recent large eartquakes ( Mag >= 4.0) in the Northern Territory
|19 Mar 2005||07:29||-26.091||130.868||4.1||Central desert|
|14 Sep 2005||05:12||-19.87||134.1||4.4||Tennant Ck|
|6 Feb 2008||06:46||-13.402||129.664||4.2||SW of Darwin|
Below - earthquakes in Central Australia to 2004 on Digital terrain model
(figure courtesy of Geoscience Australia)
Below - Gravity map for the above area (Geoscience Australia data)
DESRIPTION OF SEISMICITY IN INDIVIDUAL AREAS OF CENTRAL AUSTRALIA
The Simpson Desert, in the southeast of the Northern Territory, near the SA border, saw a series of large earthquakes in the 1930's, beginning with a magnitude 6.5 event on 28 Oct 1937. Another series of large events commenced with another magnitude 6.5 event on 27 June 1941. After a long period of inactivity, a magnitude 6.2 event occurred in the area on 28 Aug, 1972.
The earthquakes of the 1930's and 1940's occurred before the development of the modern seismographic network, which began to take shape in the 1960's. Consequently, the accuracy of the locations given is not high. The error in locations is probably of the order of +/- 50 km. Although there is some scatter in the location of the events, the location accuracy does not discount the possibility that they are more closely grouped than the map suggests.
Lake Tobin, WA.
Activity in this region began on 24 March 1970, with a magnitude 6.4 earthquake. Numerous other quite large events occurred in approximately the same location overn the ensuing years. A magnitude 5.0 event on 13 June 1992, near the location of the magnitude 6 events, is probably an aftershock of these events.
While seismic station coverage was much better for these events than the Simpson Desert events, the lack of close stations again means that location accuracy is not as high as might be hoped, particulary for the smaller events in the region.
Reference Denham, D., Everingham, I., and Gregson, P. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 1974.
Activity in this region began on 7 Jan 1987 with a magnitude 5.2 event, followed by another of the same size two days later. Prior to these events, the region had been classified as aseismic. Activity died away after these two events, but resumed on a much greater scale a year later, on 7 Jan 1988, when three magnitude 6 events occurred there on the same day, and a major surface fault scarp, approximately 35 km long was created. The southern block was thrust over the northern block, and the maximum vertical displacement was approximately 1 m. The maximum horizontal displacement was approximately 2 m.
Magnitudes have been given as 6.3, 6.4 and 6.7, but the values may vary slightly, according to the agency which computed the magnitudes. Major damage was caused to the SA to Darwin gas pipeline. Unlike the earlier events, these events occurred close to a major array of seismic recorders ( the Warramunga array), and the subsequent locations have a relatively high degree of accuracy.
Seismic activity at this location has remained at above average levels since the magnitude 6 events. Small earthquakes are still occurring, the latest being a magnitude 2.9 event in January 2004. Larger earthquiakes from this location can still be expected.
Reference: Crone, A., Machete, M., & Bowman, J., US Geological Survey Bulletin 2032 (1992)
On 30 March 1986, a magnitude 5.9 earthquake occurred at Marryat Creek, at the eastern end of the Musgrave Ranges, and about 10 km south of the SA-NT border. A 13 km long, L shaped fault scarp was created by this event. The maximum displacement was approximately 0.6 m. vertically, and 0.8 m in an E-W direction.
A magnitude 5.6 aftershock occurred near the March event on 11 July 1986. The remoteness of these two events means that location accuracy is not high, and the two events could be closer than the earthquake coordinates suggest.
For more information, refer to the PIRSA website.
Other important earthquakes in Central Australia
Uluru. On 28 May, 1989, a magnitude 5.8 event occurred in a remote area, west of Mt. Olga. It has been titled the "Uluru" earthquake. It was felt over a wide area, including Alice Springs, but did no damage. Unlike many other large earthquakes of central Australia, no aftershocks were recorded, even though portable seismographs were positioned near the epicentre shortly after the earthquake.
Mt. Redver. On 11 Feb 2004, a magnitude 5.4 earthquake occurred in the SW on the Northern Territory, near the WA border. A magnitude 5.0 foreshock occurred 15 minutes before the main shock.
Earthquake locations in Central Australia 1980 - 2004
from the ANSS catalog
Date Time Lat Lon Depth Mag Magt Nst
1986/03/30 08:53:53.21 -26.1940 132.7670 10.00 5.80 Ms 193
1986/07/11 07:17:59.07 -26.0790 132.7360 10.00 5.60 Mb 100
1987/01/07 20:01:52.22 -19.9730 133.8980 10.00 5.20 Mb 56
1987/01/09 11:27:12.68 -20.1100 133.6360 5.00 5.20 Mb 75
1988/01/22 00:35:58.07 -19.8470 133.8030 5.00 6.30 Ms 270
1988/01/22 03:57:25.26 -19.7980 133.9100 5.00 6.40 Ms 309
1988/01/22 04:18:46.92 -19.9780 133.6630 5.00 5.10 Mb 17
1988/01/22 12:04:57.88 -19.8290 133.8820 5.00 6.70 Ms 344
1988/01/27 11:27:17.12 -20.0670 133.6050 5.00 5.10 Mb 47
1988/01/29 10:19:30.84 -20.0030 133.7450 5.00 5.60 Mb 98
1988/02/06 05:23:57.95 -16.6790 124.6630 10.00 5.20 Mb 57
1988/02/06 19:08:26.41 -19.5670 133.7990 10.00 5.00 Mb 7
1988/09/30 20:42:58.13 -20.0480 133.8650 5.00 5.30 Mb 64
1989/03/30 12:46:25.67 -19.9040 133.6450 5.00 5.30 Mb 7
1989/05/28 02:55:19.65 -25.0530 130.7810 10.00 5.80 Mb 132
1991/03/07 01:28:10.54 -20.0820 134.0250 5.00 5.20 Mb 44
1991/06/19 11:38:23.39 -20.1340 133.9520 10.00 5.20 Mb 49
1991/07/08 10:45:33.78 -20.2250 133.8250 5.00 5.10 Mb 39
1992/06/13 18:05:17.88 -23.5800 130.2840 10.00 5.00 Mb 28
1992/07/15 00:17:05.14 -22.3630 126.5290 10.00 5.20 Mb 38
1997/08/10 09:20:30.98 -16.0130 124.3290 10.00 6.30 Mw 269
2004/02/11 09:17:58.00 -22.7380 129.8710 13.00 5.00 ML 32
2004/02/11 09:30:39.00 -22.6800 129.8230 13.00 5.40 ML 37